Chemical raw materials can generally be divided into organic chemical raw materials and inorganic chemical raw materials:
1. Organic chemical raw materials
It can be divided into alkanes and their derivatives, alkenes and their derivatives, alkynes and their derivatives, quinones, aldehydes, alcohols, ketones, phenols, ethers, anhydrides, esters, organic acids, carboxylates, carbohydrates, heterocycles, nitriles, halogenates, amides, and other types
2. Inorganic chemical raw materials
The main raw materials of inorganic chemical products are sulfur, sodium, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and other chemical minerals (see inorganic salt industry), coal, oil, natural gas, air, water, etc.
In addition, the by-products and wastes of many industrial sectors are also raw materials of inorganic chemical industry. For example, the coke oven gas in the coking production process in the iron and steel industry can be recycled into ammonium sulfate by sulfuric acid, and the sulfur dioxide in the smelting waste gas of chalcopyrite, galena and sphalerite can be used to produce sulfuric acid.